Week 2 Questions
Chapter 5 question: explain the relationship between the flow of information, global power, and media. Provide specific examples and cite your work.
Global Power and the flow of information & media are one of the most important factors shaping what we know as globalization. The development of communication technologies and media has a substantial impact on the flow of information. The three leading global flows of stories being global news, global entertainment and global advertising share information, by using broadcast frequencies, satellite, and wireless connections to share information to our device, allowing them to define the standards for mobile phones, computers, and the internet, thus giving them in retrospect global power. These companies’ ability to manage advertisements, political news, and even cultural symbols allows for them to alter distribution and manipulation of the media. These big companies can pressure nations to make their media more commercial to profit themselves. The political, economic, and social classification related to trade, marketing, education, and culture have always been a rich source of information for these cooperation’s. CNN being part of the world’s biggest media and entertainment conglomerate is a perfect example from the textbook. CNN significance in American News, allows it to manipulate the view of the United States to millions of viewers around the globe.
Chapter 6 question: Discuss how the social concerns from the early 20th century is different from today’s concern about public communication. Provide specific examples to support your claims and cite your textbook/article.
First, we would have to discuss the main differences between the visions of modern society and that of the 20th Century. Early 20th century changed the course of the quest for equality in American Society and in the process helped give birth to the modern civil rights movement. The culture of the 20th century was often subordinated to the needs of the politics and technology, they found this distinction difficult to sustain because they focused more on culture over materialism. During the 20th Century, the mass form of communication and media was radio and tv. Advancements in these communication technologies changed the 21st Century, people became more intrigued by convenience. Today, the internet has replaced the radio and tv as the big form of communication and language innovation. Our cell phones were created before the 20th century, but the improvements and features over the years are barely recognizable in modern society. The features of internet access, emails, cameras, practically made multiple pieces of 20th-century technology into one device. However, the 20th-century inventions lead the way for 21st-century innovations. The Radio was the first form of mass communication, it allowed stations to share news, entertainment, weather, and any other information with multiple people at once. The Telephone allowed two people to have a personal conversation at a distance. The computer built the foundation for the internet which in turn is the 21st-century form of mass communication to date.
“Modern Communication vs. Communication in the 20th Century” by Jacob Cecil
Chapter 7 question: Do you believe special governance measures and institutions are needed for the internet? Why or why not? What would be the implications of such a move? Provide specific examples to support the argument and cite your material.
Internet Governance is a diverse field that is challenging to evaluate the effect of governance on the internet on an overall basis. Rather, it is easier to focus on specific issues such as Internet names and numbers, intellectual property, and data protection. Internet governance will have a lot of success factors associated with it while having some problems and challenges. One of the major success factors of internet governance is the preservation of global and integrated Internet by avoiding the risk of fragmentation. Governance will eliminate the fragmentation of internet service based on the regional or national boundary. Though fragmentation leads toward the creation of national root servers, which is technically feasible and relatively simple to implement, it is against the principle of global nature of the internet. Making the internet as centralized, the government can prevent misuse and frauds over the internet along with criminal activity which leverages on the decentralized nature of the internet. One of the major threat of governance is associated with the aim towards centralized form. So far, it has been well perceived that the evolution and growth had been due to the decentralized form of the internet which could impede due to the centralized governance as the present complex web-like setup cannot be placed under Internet Governance which is a single governance umbrella. From the point of view of human rights, taxation, and customer protection, the legitimacy of a unified Internet governance system is always an ethical question. The line of decision-making will change in the case of a centralized governance structure which the Governments may not abide as they will have their intellectual property over many matters. As a final note, we will definitely argue that governance is required for the development of the internet, accessibility throughout the world, and protection from frauds, but to implement such robust architecture a lot of research and deliberations will be required without which the adversities will be more than the benefits.
Van Eeten, M. J., &Mueller, M. (2013). Where is the governance in Internet governance? New Media & Society, 15(5), 720-736. 4)
Chapter 8 question: How does digital inequality relate to the broader forms of societal inequality? Provide specific examples to support the argument and cite your material.
Digital inequality describes how technology users used the technology in their daily life and how the technology varies. Social inequality can be considered to have increased due to this variation in the use of technology because the intensity of the use of technology in the life of the users somehow reflects the real-life racial and socioeconomic inequalities. In the sense, we can generalize that digital inequality actually deepens the social inequality. There is, therefore, a participation gap where the privileged users use more internet that the disadvantaged groups in growing their financial and social capital. This is true even in the field of education where low-income parents and disadvantaged groups have less access to the internet and are less able to involved in the children’s education.
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