There anything between single parents to adopted

There
are many different definitions of family, these include blood, marriage, and
friendship relationships. Although this is ever changing in recent age, one
thing still runs true, family is the main financial and social support for the
children in it. What children are born into will teach them what is right from
wrong. Now this raises the question, does the family structure really matter to
the lives of children, and if so, what effects does it have on these children?

A
nuclear family is defined as a basic social unit of a couple and their
dependent children. For decades the nuclear family unit was made up of a female
mother, a male father, and their biological children, but over the last few
decades it has evolved into anything between single parents to adopted step
parents and many other options. Because of the growing acceptance of the “out
of normal” ways of living, the family structure is ever evolving. For example,
often found within the extended family network are fictive kin relationships
that are important to both the incorporating family and the individual who is
incorporated. Fictive kin can be defined as those individuals not related by
blood or marriage but who regard each other as kin (2014). As the family
structure continues to change the technical definitions as well as terms
involved will be different for years to come.

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As a
child grown up in a house watching the martial relationship of their parents it
is only natural it would have an effect on how they treat their marriage when
they grow up. With increased recognition of the significant effects of both
marital status in adulthood and family structure in childhood, it should be
noted that parental martial disruption in childhood influences that
individual’s own family structure and/or marital quality in adulthood (Kang,
2016). Not much empirical research exists on the topic of marriage exampled in
childhood and how it translates to the child’s adulthood because it is such a
hard subject to follow and prove as it is so time consuming.

The
proportion of children living with both parents, following the decline between
1970 and 1990, has fallen more slowly over the most recent two decades,
dropping from 69 percent in 2000 to 64 percent in 2012. By 2015, the proportion
had actually increased, to 65 percent (2015). This is extremely important because
parents are responsible for the development of their children. Now, it has been
shown that children coming from a two parent home life, whether it be
biological, adopted, or step parents, do much better on a list of things. Among
situations where children do worse is when they come from a divorced household.
Children who come from a single parent home either do better or worse depending
on the situation, and the same goes for children raised by grandparents.
However, research shows that these situations only account in part for the
negative effects on children. There are differences for the race of the family,
the location, as well as many other aspects.

One
aspect of family structure affecting children that is lesser known is the
physical health effects. Family structure may affect children’s BMI and risk of
becoming overweight/obese at an early age through a number of economic and
social processes (Schmeer, 2012). This is for reasons that can be easily
explained, a family household with two parents has a higher total annual income
and therefore easier access to healthy meals and activities. This can all
easily be the reversed situation if there is only one parent. There is also the
stress aspect of a child’s upbringing. With two stably married parents there is
likely to be less stress financially as well as more readily available support
emotionally that can again be reversed if there is one parent. Overall, change
in family structure is also potentially important for children’s BMI and risk
of obesity. Family structure transitions may increase stress, reduce resources,
or cause chaos in the household (at least temporarily), reducing healthy
eating/exercise, sleep routines, and emotional support for children, with
implications for their BMI and weight gain (Schmeer, 2012).

Further
research on this topic could be a better detailed and defined research
following children from childhood into adulthood from all walks of life. These
are very long studies that take a longer time to put together and publish so
this is why not much research exists. Also, research on family structure and
children of the same sex couples is very scarce. This is because until more
recently, same sex couples having children was extremely and still somewhat is
taboo. The literature on these questions is large, complex and growing so fast
that it is no longer possible even to keep up each year (Mackay, 2017). This created
a problem when for a research paper like this. Essentially research to be
completed is just more of family research and more research in depth of
different types of family structure.

Overall,
it is better for children to be born into two parent households but by how much
is what varies. From research gathered it is not one hundred percent definitive
how much family structure affects the children involved, it is shown there is some
effect.

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