The they represent the interests of the

The European Union (EU) which
comprises of 27 member that share borders,water bodies, are in close proximity
to one another  and have similar
environematal issues that may affect each other. (Baker, 1996). The EU environmental
policies and legislations was set up in response to these problems (Barnes,
2011). Legislation enacted by the EU has been used to set standards on
pollution emissions, environmenatal quality, product stipulations and has been
used to set common methods to aspects of environmenatal management across the
member states (Barnes, 2011). Amongst the member states, a number of
institutions have been established to handle negotiations with a general
consensus that would be applied across the states irrespective of diverse and
sectoral interests (Wurzel, Zito, & Jordan, 2014). The environmetal policy
strategies is set by the head of EU states in the meetings of the European
Council(EC), it is then passed to the Commission which consists of 27
polticians nominated by their governments and they represent the interests of
the EU and formulate the legislative and policy initiatives needed to satisfy
these commitments (Baker, 1996). Once developed, the legislation proposals are
sent to the European Parliament which consists of the Council of Ministers,
elected representatives of EU citizens and the representatives of the member
states for delibrations and revision (Barnes, 2011). On adoption,the nation
states implement the legislation and the Court of Justice of the European Union
upholds the legislation (Barnes, 2011). The most commonly used form of environmental
legislation are directives such as Directive 91/271, OJ L135, 30.05.1991 aimed
at the protection of human health, because they provide flexibility in their
implementation,their main objectives have to be attained but the member states
decide how it is carried out (Baker, 1996). Regulations are constricting,
directly applicable and are used to ensure uniformity on a specific issue
across member states. (Wurzel et al., 2014). Decisions are also binding and are
directed at a particular state or private enterprise (Barnes, 2011).

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