The Russian Revolution
The revolution took
place in 1917, and involved the October Revolution as well as the February
Revolution. The two main causes of this revolution was due to the collapse of
the empire under Tsar Nicholas II command and the rise of Marxian socialism
under Lenin and his Bolsheviks.
The February revolution was the first one that led
to a number of events in Russia,
including overthrowing the imperial government. Tsar Nicholas II was
removed from power, which was brought
about by the series of increased violent acts and riots at Petrograd, a popular town in Russia. Tsar was not in the
capital when this happened (McMeekin, 2017).
particular revolution was a popular uprising, but it did not meet the
expectations of many Russians because the event was limited to Petrograd city
only. Majority of those who assumed governance in the provisional government
and the Petrograd Soviet after the February Revolution considered rules that
were partially democratic (Swain, 2017).
The October revolution was the second one and was also referred to as the Bolshevik
Revolution because they were in power. It overturned the interim provisional
government and came up with the Soviet Union (Slezkine, 2017).
It was a deliberate event that was fueled by a small group of people. The
leaders of the coup were known as Bolsheviks and had oganized their coup in a period of six months. People in Russia viewed
them as an extremist group and did not give them the support they expected when
they began to put in serious efforts in April 1917 (Brenton, 2016).
Bolsheviks had gained popularity by October 1917. They had the support of
people in Petrograd as well as other
urban centers in Russia. The Bolsheviks noticed that they could lose governance
in a system that was based on an election if they failed to share power with
other parties. They decided to act fast and
abandoned the democratic process in January 1918 (Rappaport, 2017).
They later declared themselves the representatives of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Just after the
declaration, the Russian Civil War broke. This
happened in the summer of the year and lasted until
1920 (Colley, 2012).
The Russian Revolution of 1917 was led by the events of World
Russia had performed poorly in the Great War. The
first World War also brought about a lot
of stress to the Russian society and economy. The Russians were unhappy
with the regime and decided to rebel (Smele, 2006).
The economic issues greatly geared the
revolution because there was a big gap
between the rich and the poor in the country, and the poor were the majority
type of people in Russia. The poor people became
even pooer because of World War I. They were tired of being used to fund
the war instead of funding their country.
This resulted in the food shortage in
Russia, which this angered the poor. They felt that the regime did not care
about them anymore. The military also rebelled after they were
ordered by Tsar to fire into the crowd of their people (Mie?ville, 2017).
Vladimir Lenin was an important figure in the history of Russia.
He had gone into exile for some years and
returned to his country later on. His return was a great relief to the citizens
of the country because he was the man behind the revolution. He knew
that Russians were suffering and saw the need of fighting for them. He took
over the governance of Russia when the revolution process became successful.
Vladimir Lenin later
became the dictator of the first Marxist state in the world. He was a powerful
man and many countries respected him for that. Among the work he did when he
was in power include making peace with Germany (D’Agostino,
2011). His government also worked hard towards
nationalizing industry and distributing
land to its people. Lenin made sure that all Russians were given a priority in
Russia and they enjoyed living in their country. He is the father of the
patriotism that we see in Russia today. He taught citizens how to love and put
their country first before anything else. Vladimir Lenin succumbed to death in
1924 and many countries celebrated him
for who he was.
It took a civil war for Lenin and the Bolsheviks to
attain their authoritarian power. Their state was
established as a USSR. The revolution enabled other countries to respect
and fear Russia, unlike before. The civil war gave Russians their freedom, enabling them to settle down and focus on
building their nation that had been
destroyed by poor governance. The current relationship between Russia and other
countries has improved. They have become a powerful country that provides aid to many second and third world
countries in the world today. They also have the most powerful military in the
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