“The only appears to aggravate her condition.

“The Yellow wallpaper”
depicts women’s struggle of independence and personal identity at the rise of
feminism. Especially in the nineteenth century, women were kept down and kept
in line by their married men as well as other male influences. “The Yellow
Wallpaper”, written By Charlotte Perkins Gilman, is a tale of a woman, her
psychological difficulties and her husbands so called therapeutic treatment
‘rest cure’ of her depression during the late 1800s. The tale starts out in the
summer with a young woman and her husband travelling for the healing powers of
being out from writing, which only appears to aggravate her condition. His
delusion gets Jane, trapped in a room, shut up in a bed making her go
psychotic. As the tale opens, she begins to imagine a woman inside ‘the yellow
wallpaper’.

“The Yellow
Wallpaper,” is a larger-than-life version of Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s own
personal experiences. She grieved for several years in depression, as her
physician diagnosed her with “neurasthenia” and prescribed the “rest
cure” seen in the story. Unable to write or seek company, Gilman’s rest
drove her insane for three months. Gilman wrote the story not simply to change
one man’s view of neurasthenia, but to utilize the floor as a symbol of the
oppression of women in a patriarchal society as mentioned in her article “Why I
Wrote The Yellow Wallpaper”.

During the Victorian era,
men demarcated women’s roles. A woman was believed to be incapable of hiring
decisions for herself without an adult male to pass her. The author, Charlotte
Perkins Gilman, delineates the life of an intelligent, youthful woman who is a
married woman and mother. She brings her role as the fostering mother, yet is
obedient to the patriarchal head. The lady suffers from a psychiatric disease
that makes her have delusions, and dejected. The patriarchal head, John, is a
physician and assumes full responsibility for his wife’s care and diagnosis. Jane’s
brother, who is also a physician, makes a diagnosis that is in accord with
John’s, thus rendering her no choice only to subject herself to the torment of
the yellow wallpaper room. The reader accepts that John is not a psychiatric
doctor by the side comment the main character names “John is a physician, and
perhaps that is one reason I do not get well faster.”(p. 704) John’s treatment
for his wife’s disorder is The Rest cure. The medical profession’s superhuman defiance
in “The Yellow Wallpaper” determines man’s egotism during this period towards women.
The delusions in the protagonist’s head continued to manifest in its seclusion.
Because of the wife’s obedience and respect to her husband’s “Rest Cure”, her
disorder becomes gradually worse. If the disorder is left untreated, it will
manifest and become unfathomable within the victim’s mind.

Woman?s place was in the
home. Their purpose was to be busy at those ethically uplifting tasks expected
at sustaining and living up to her piety and honor as mentioned in “The Cult of
True Womanhood” by Barbara Welter. The article puts lights on the issuance of a
woman’s struggle against male – centric thinking and societal ‘norms’.  Men visited
the idea on women that they were emotional retainers that must trail their guiding
principle and remain inside the house. Those who stepped
outside of the “home” arena and into the “public” domain where “they did not
belong” were looked upon by society as recluses. Women wanted to overturn the
traditional definition of women’s roles, but challenged with obstruction. But
as the author Charlotte Perkins Gilman struggled to give away the constraints
of patriarchal order in society to be able to write, the main character feels
pressured to hide her writing, “I did write for a while in spite of them; but
it DOES exhaust me a honest bargain–having to be so slick about it, or else
meet with great resistance”(p. 707). She hides her writing in a small table so
that her husband (John) does not study the emotional entries she makes articulating
the frustration and imprisonment she feels.