The is linked to positive emotions, increased

The main premise in the article, What is Meditation and How It Affects Our
Brains, written by Belle Beth Cooper is that meditation positively affects
our brains. She singles out two specific types of meditation that creates this
effect: focused-attention meditation, also referred to as mindful meditation, and
open-monitoring meditation. In focused-attention meditation, an individual’s
focus is centered on one thing while in open-monitoring meditation, an individual’s
focus is on multiple things. Belle Beth Cooper states that during meditation
the brain sees a decrease in beta waves which are viewed via fMRI scans. The
following are four pieces of evidence used by Cooper to support her main
premise. Firstly, meditation improves attention (Cooper, 2016). Cooper states
that the more meditation an individual does, the better their ability to focus
and control their attention (2016). The research article from where this
information originates states that an improvement in attention is noted due to
an increase in perceptual sensitivity as a result of an improvement in visual
discrimination (MacLean et al., 2010). Furthermore, Cooper states that
meditation improves memory (2016). She states that focused-attention meditation
leads to an adjustment in brain waves which minimize distractions to increase
productivity leading to rapid memorization and recall (Cooper, 2016).
Subsequently, regular meditation increases compassion and empathy (Cooper,
2016). Cooper cites a 2008 study which found that upon hearing sounds of
individuals suffering there was an increased activation in the part of the
brain tied to empathy, the temporal parietal junctures, as compared to the
control group (2016). Lastly, the hippocampus and frontal area of the brain
depict an increase in gray matter (Cooper, 2016). Gray matter is linked to
positive emotions, increased emotional stability and attention (Cooper, 2016).
Hence, regular meditation is beneficial for our minds.  

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