Joanna automated machines. Over the decades robots

Joanna MensahMs KruckemeyerRHE 36013th November This is an opinion article addressing the rise of artificial intelligence and Automation. It is to be on Debate.org a website that  a website that allows people from different backgrounds to discuss controversial topics and give their opinions whilst hearing others out. The audience for m article are people with jobs who are most likely to be affected by the rise of automation. Although some of my audience are aware of the topic they may not know how deeply this technological change could affect them.The rise of automation begins the fall of mankind As technology evolves we as humans are becoming increasingly slothful; We have machines that do everything for us but yet we still ask for more. It has become a huge part of our daily lives, making us torpid. Today, it seems as though it would be hard to go one day without technology, we depend more on wifi than the air we breathe. Disconnect the wifi or take the mobile device from your child for a week and see how they are forced to interact with their surroundings. Technology has become a shield that we are able to hide behind. It masks us, pretends to be a companion whilst robbing us from everyday life experiences. It steals from us until we lose our senses and touch with reality. One aspect of technology that robs us blindly are automated machines. Over the decades robots have repeatedly taken our jobs. They have evolved so much so that they are even beginning to replace human beings. Unlike humans, robots have no flaws. They do not make mistakes and have an unlimited capability to perform at a much higher standard than we do which is why technologists want to use them to replace us. Automated machines replacing jobs is not a phenomenon. Automated machines  have been replacing human labor for decades. Slowly,human beings adapt to these circumstances by creating new jobs and new opportunities. However a new wave of technology is upon us threatening to take our jobs once again. Machines that can drive themselves, take orders and complete tasks much better and faster than we can. Research shows that 38% of jobs in the United States, 30% of jobs in the United Kingdom and only 20% of positions in Japan are at a high risk of being replaced by robots. These jobs include, retail, manufacturing ,vehicle and fast food jobs. This is concerning because If robots replace workers the unemployment rate will increase making a shift in the economy because robots can only support the economy so much. Other people such as technologists are not concerned because they believed that the influx of automated machines and artificial intelligence can benefit us greatly and make life easier for all of us. However, If the rise of automation was going to bring an end to social injustice it would be more beneficial. The increase in productivity and wealth for some is not a beneficial result for all. Whilst replacing most jobs businesses ensure their employees that there will be more jobs in return, but in turn only hire less than half the people that they had let go.Another industry likely to be taken over by automated machines is the tea industry. Consequently this would place “at stake the livelihoods of millions of mostly low-wage workers around the world,”(Yuen para. 1) in developing countries such as China, India, Sri Lanka and Kenya the world’s major tea producers. If the tea industry is replaced by automated machines approximately 13 million people around the world will be without a Job and a way to provide for themselves and their families. Ultimately decrease the poverty line and the unemployment rate in these countries. A graph by “Economist Branko Milanovic’s “Elephant Curve” shows how people around the globe, ranked by their income in 1998, saw their incomes increase by 2008. While the income of the very poor was stagnant”(Vardi para. 11.) Replacing human labour with machines is unethical it does not benefit the economy in any way, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. The only people benefitting from automation are the manufacturers. Most of which (like robots) lack the ability to empathize and sympathize with people that are not in the same circumstances as them. Especially in developing countries where employees are paid dollars below minimum wage.Many economists dismiss these issues saying that we have no reason to fear because of how the past vital transformations in occupation and labor markets (industrial revolution) succeeded. In other words,it didn’t steer society into to social turmoil or extensive suffering.”Since the dawn of the industrial age, a recurrent fear has been that technological change will spawn mass unemployment. Neoclassical economists predicted that this would not happen, because people would find other jobs, albeit possibly after a long period of painful adjustment. By and large, that prediction has proven to be correct.”(Vardi para. 2) The Industrial revolution involved two major revolutions, whose death toll approached 100 million. The benefits of the Industrial Revolution did not show until 200 years  after it had begun.  Unlike many ecologists, Kenneth Roggof doesn’t dismiss these issues in-fact he agrees that, “there is no denying that technological change nowadays has accelerated, potentially leading to deeper and more profound dislocations. In a much-cited 1983 article, the great economist Wassily Leontief worried that the pace of modern technological change is so rapid that many workers, unable to adjust, will simply become obsolete, like horses after the rise of the automobile.”He compares human beings to horses and rightly so. When Henry ford started creating cars he put horses out of business. Likewise If humans are slowly replaced by robots in a sense they will also cease to exist. The automobile industry is largely filled with automated machines but some companies such as Ford have started to invest in collaborative robots, allowing the robots to complement the workers and not replace them.Moreover,  the rise of robots is unnecessary, to replace jobs more than they already have. Although the rise of technology may bring a positive change, history shows that those changes occur after a “long period of painful adjustment”(Vardi para. 2) . Focusing on only the positive is an inhumane approach. It dismisses the fact that if people lose their jobs they will be unable to make a living. Why do we need robots anyway? We as human beings have already become robots. We lack sensitivity. We are unable to feel and to think, shaped by our surroundings. We have been programmed how to think, how to talk and how to act. Slaves to the system, puppets needing no string because the strings are in our minds. Robots don’t make choices likewise most human beings don’t have a choice. Automation has already taken place. We don’t need more robots we need humans, people with hearts and emotions. Human beings that aren’t full of greed and hate. The only thing that separates us from robots is that we have the ability to feel. We can choose to be compassionate. We can choose to love our neighbors as ourselves. Until we decide to be our brothers keepers automation will not solve any of our problems and will in-fact increase them. To sum it all up, the controversial discussion on the takeover of robots is deemed as a ticking time bomb due to the rise of technology each day. As we are witnessing the small integration of robots in our daily lives, the results are causing us to be lazy though seen as helpful or easier; how would you feel if a significant role you play in one’s life was replaced? As the saying goes, “all good things must come to an end.”(chaucer) We need to be aware that robots are not a necessity, but an addition to the decrease of interaction and wisdom within our human race. Therefore, we should be cautious of our own society instead of making a decision that would inevitably reverse itself to hurt mankind.Work CitedManey, Kevin. “You Will Love the Future Economy, Thanks to Robots and AI.” Newsweek, Newsweek, 5 Dec. 2016, www.newsweek.com/2016/12/09/robot-economy-artificial-intelligence-jobs-happy-ending-526467.html. Accessed. 14th November 2017McFarland, Matt. “Robots: Is your job at risk?” CNNMoney, Cable News Network, 15 Sept. 2017, money.cnn.com/2017/09/15/technology/jobs-robots/index.html. Accessed. 27th November 2017Vardi, Moshe. “No Need To Worry About Robots Replacing Human Workers? Look At History.” Fast Company, Fast Company, 5 Sept. 2017, www.fastcompany.com/40462489/robots-automation-labor-look-at-history-industrial-revolution-moshe-vardi.Yuen, Stacey. “Robots Will ‘No Doubt’ Replace Millions in Our Industry in a Few Years, Dilmah CEO Says.” CNBC, CNBC, 22 Nov. 2017, www.cnbc.com/2017/11/22/robots-will-no-doubt-replace-millions-in-our-industry-in-a-few-years-dilmah-ceo-says.html. Accessed 29 November 2017

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