In Texas in the year 1900 there was about 3,048,710 people in the state compared to the 25,145,561 people last counted in 2010. First off farms in Texas have decreased from 420,000 farms in 1940, to 241,500 farms in 2016, with an average size of 537 acres. Many of the natural hazards of farming and ranching have been reduced by better use of weather information,machinery, and other improvements, but rising costs, labor availability, and high energy costs have added to the concerns of farmers and ranchers. Another change is that farms have become fewer, larger, specialized, and more expensive to own and operate, but are also more productive. Pest and disease control methods have improved, and herbicides are reliedupon for weed control. Farmers and ranchers are better educated and informed, and morescience and business oriented. In 1900 the popualation of the United State of America was 76,212,168 people compared to the 323.1 million people there are today. Between 1930 and 2000 U.S. agricultural outputquadrupled, while the United States Department of Agriculture’s index of aggregate inputsremained essentially unchanged. Prices received by farmers for products they sell decreasedby an average of 1% annually in real terms between 1900 and 2000. Real food prices paidby consumers also decreased. The precentage of U.S. disposable income spent on food prepared at home decreased, from 22% in 1950 to 7% by the end of the century. Also the number of farms decreased from 7 million in the mid-1930s to just over 2 million in 2000. Since the Great Depression, the fate of hard-working farmers facing low prices has drawn a governmental response in the form of commodity support programs. Commodity supportprograms have aimed to boost farmers’ receipts from commodity production in all but thehighest-price years. The bulk of support has gone to the main traditional crops (grains, cotton,peanuts, tobacco) milk. Despite the salience of commodity programs in public perceptionsof U.S. agriculture, the majority of farm output has mo price support or other direct marketintervention. In 1900 the population of the world was 1.6 billion and in 2000 it rose above 6 billion. The 1900’s have witnessed substantial increases in the intensity of agricultural land management,much of which has been driven by policies to enhance food security and production. From 1900 to 2000 there was a fiveflod rise in sheep density, along with higher cattle density. In the first half if the century in Africa there was a rapid spread of exotic staple food crops such as maize, cassava and sweet potatos. In the 1920’s, demand for American farm products fell, asEuropean countries began to recover from World War 1 and instituted austerity programs to reduce their imports.