the past decade, research has found that the English language is being affect
by a new form of communication, texting. The Nokia 9000i communicator first
came out in 1977, which was the first manufacturer to produce a mobile phone
with a full keyboard. But like any new technology, the initial growth for SMS
(short message service) was slow. Gradually, phone and network eventually
adapted to better accommodate SMS. So by 2000, the average number of text
messages sent in the US increase from 0.4 to 35 a month per person. There are
two main arguments about text messaging. One is that text messaging had
negatively impact the English language by impacting teenager’s ability to write
English by using proper punctuation and spelling. The opposing position is
that, instead of negatively impacting the English language, its somehow
enhances it. The fact that the English language is evolving is not question,
but is it a negative change? That’s the question.
Some researchers have found a
positive correlation between the use of text messaging in teen and how they
work in the classroom. A study done by Professor Clare Wood at Coventry
University found that children who practice the texting language are
surprisingly better at writing and spelling. It also shows that students who
regularly use text messaging have a richer vocabulary and gain creatively. “Yes,
the English language had experience some changes but you cannot expect the
English language to remain the same while the whole world around us keeps
evolving.” Arguing that Clare Wood believes that “texting has positive impact
on teenager’s language skills.” But some studies have found Clare Wood research
a bit extreme. Authors Drew Cingle and S. Shyam Sundar conducted a research a
Penn State University that opposed Wood’s position, where they argued that
students who writing in the text messaging language would prevent the person’s
ability to go from texting to the normal rule of grammar. And based from a data
from over 500 students from a middle school, they concluded that there is a
decline in grammar scores. However, there is one thing that the two author do
agree on Clare Wood’s research, which is that it enhances their creativity. Its
has been proven that teenagers are actually making their own language through
texting, a language that is seemingly different from the English language. They
create and use shortcuts that are not always easy to understand. Study has also
shown that yes, texting does expands ones vocabulary at first but after that
the person will use the same group of vocabulary over and over again. Meaning
more words is going extinct and fewer words are being added to our language.
At a Ted conference, which is media
organization that post talks online that are “worth spread”, hosted by John
McWhorter. John McWhorter explains that texting is not writing at all. He
goes on explain that language is speech, how we verbal communicate with on
another. And in history, writing came much later in time. He distinguishes the
difference between writing and speech, implied that they are very different.
Speech can be unpredictable, less restricted, and less formal than writing.
However writing is predicable, you can pick and chose what is going to be
written down and go back to change what you don’t like. The sentences are much
longer and formal while speech average sentence contains about 10 words.
However, texting allow us to write how we speak. Texting is very loose and easy.
People don’t care for punctuations and correct grammar. That shows that we
don’t think about those things when we talk either, so why would someone when
texting. What texting really is “fingered speech” meaning they way we write is
the way we talk. Its important to know this so we can distinguish the
difference between speaking the language and writing the language.
article “How Texting has Affect Our Communication skills” written by Professor
Daniel, demonstrates the different aspects that texts have affected regarding
the English language and our communication skills. First there is a age gap,
texting is much more dominate in the younger generation. The older generation
often has difficulties understanding the new form of communication. Sometimes
even parents feel inferior to their children because of the ignorance of the
text language. Texting has created a lot of dependency on cell phones. Another
way that this affects the English language is the lack of body language. Since
you are not having a face-to-face conversation with someone, then you can’t see
their body language, which is a HUGE part of communication skills. Eye contact,
touch, and voice play a very critical part when we interact with other people.
All of these facial expressions are missing in text messages, which sometimes
do not deliver the appropriate messages. And lack of these can cause a lot of
misunderstanding between on another when conversation.
When we are constantly communication over SMS, its creates a
comfort zone for us. We no longer see the need in a person-to-person
interaction. You see this a lot with people on social media, who are very
liberal and out spoken because face-to-face communication is missing. And when they
are faced with a confrontational situation they find themselves clueless and
not knowing what to do. Which eventually leads to lack of confidence arises.
People tend to lose a lot of self confidence when they talk face-to-face,
because when you are texting someone you think a lot before you send you
messages, you are provided with a lot of liberty when its comes to messaging.
Which is why this affects verbal communication, because there are time when you
are going to eventually personally communicate with someone.
article goes on to explain that texting also spoils grammar, sometime
youngsters get tired of text so they try to shorten the sentence or word to get
their point across faster. They are less likely to fix a grammar or punctuation
error. It has also been demonstrated that teenagers now days tend to use this
same language in their academic exams, just as authors Drew Cingle and S. Shyam Sundar had
concluded. The texting language is
slowly pouring into the English language. The language is evolving. However,
the consequences can be unpredictable.