Ari MoreiraIn medieval China selecting leaders is very important, selecting is done by 2 main methods Aristocracy and meritocracy. Meritocracy is a rule by officials of proven merit and aristocracy is a ruling class by noble families. The best and most efficient way to choose leader was by a meritocracy, it was used by the Song, The meritocracy system was excellent because there was no cheating allowed and those who failed could take the test in the future, the exams were based by a new school of thought called neo-confucianism.These exams were difficult and the exams were set up so no one can cheat. Candidates were locked in a small room for several days doing their exams. There was always a second person copying the exam so when the examiners examine they did not know who took the test and the scores were accurate. With these civil exams they chose the best and they became government officials. Only small groups of people passed the difficult tests and those who filed could try again in the future. Those who passed the exam had to wait years for their first appointment, when it finally came they had to travel far from home to do the job then after three years they could move up higher in rank. People were happy to get these jobs, they enjoyed more because they did not have to pay taxes and joining the military was optional.The exams were based and influenced by a new school of thought known as neo-confucianism. Neo-confucianism is the teachings of Confucius with some things taken from Buddhism and Daoism. Both were traditional religions in China. In 1190, Zhu Xi’s work was published and known as the four books. These books became the structure of the civil service exams. Confucius taught people to have proper actions in five relationships ruler and subject, husband and wife, and friend and friend. Confucius also taught people that those that were above had to be kind to those below and the other way around. Confucius was always rational,moral, and he maintained order.