Abstract: so human efforts are reduces. The

  Abstract: This paper strives to make a robot
capable of performing operations like digging the soil and sowing seed. This
paper gives the idea of E-yantra robot which digs the soil and sows the seeds. E-Yantra
is the robotic platform which is designed and developed by the IIT, Bombay for
learning and education purpose. The main component used by the e-yantra robot
is AVR Atmega 2560 micro controller that supervises and controls the entire
process. Initially the soil is digs by the robot and then dispenses the seeds.
This application works on the process of internet of things (IOT). Now a day’s many
countries in the world do not have the literate human power in the agriculture sector.
The farmers must improve their techniques for digging soil and seeds sowing.
This process also reduces the requirement of labors in the farm. Using this
application seeds are protected from damage and this process also gives high
sowing rate.

Key
words: E-yantra, IOT, Atmega
2560, digging and sowing seed

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I.           
Introduction

                Today India’s record in the progress
of agriculture over past few decades is quite impressive. In these days there
are various seed sowing machines developed but there is no smartness of work
done. Manual method includes dispensing the seeds by hand. In ancient days
digging the hole in the soil and dropping the seeds by using bullock carts, tractors,
etc. are done, which take various time. Since these process requires longer
time and hence numbers of human powers are required for agriculture process. If
skilled human power is not available then also it may causes various problems
in seed plantation. India
is an agrarian country and
haves agrarian economies and most of population in the villages depends on
agriculture to earn their livelihood. Agriculture is one of the top most
occupations in India mostly in the village areas. The farmers needed seeds for
ploughing and cultivation. The seeds are available in packets and many
industries deal in manufacture of such seed packets. The robotic systems play an immense
role in all sections of societies, organization and industrial units.

                The
innovative idea of this paper is that soil is dig and seeds are sown
automatically by using e-yantra robot so human efforts are reduces. The
e-yantra robot is the robotic platform developed by IIT Bombay such that
various applications are performed in the e-yantra module. E-yantra module consists
of three flavours:

Configuration-1:

Master: P89v51RD2   Slave:
ATmega 2560

Configuration-2:

Master: ATmega 2560   Slave: ATmega 8

 Configuration-3:

Master: LPC 2148   Slave:
2 x ATmega 8

Among which this paper works
on ATmega 2560 as a master configuration. Also, this paper uses the concept based
on internet of things (IOT). This process is totally automated so that the
farmers not need to visit the farm for work. The one may do the work from the
any place in the world.

This process is automated and
it does not cause any pollution on earth. This technology is safety for all the
living beings and do not causes any harm. The system is efficient and accurate
to use.

 

                            
II.           
Methodology

 

·        
Programming Software Atmel studio 6.0

The programming tool used for this
process is Atmel studio 6.0. So, that various types of programming can be done.

·        
E-yantra Module

e -Yantra is the robot
which is developed by the IIT, Bombay for education purpose. It is the advanced
robotic platform having number of functionality already built in it. Along with
that there is provision in the system that one can interface the external
hardware on it for different application.

 

Ø  Major Building Blocks Of Robot

The Major
Components needed for designing a Robot

a.      
Sensors: For Sensing the environments.

b.      
Actuators: For Movement of robots and
its parts.

c.       
Control: Controller/Processor as brain
of Robot.

d.      
Intelligence: User Written Command to
perform desired set of action.

e.       
Power: A necessity for making a system
work.

f.      
Communication: Robot can talk to
another robot/PC.

Fire
Bird V ATMEGA2560 technical specification


Microcontroller:

•      
Atmel
ATMEGA2560 as Master microcontroller (AVR architecture based Microcontroller)

•      
Atmel
ATMEGA8 as Slave microcontroller (AVR architecture based Microcontroller)


Sensors:

•      
Three
white line sensors   (extendable to 7)

•      
Five
Sharp IR range sensor

•      
Eight
analog IR proximity sensors

•      
Two
position encoders (extendable to four)

•      
Battery
voltage sensing

•      
Current
Sensing (Optional)

•      
Five
Ultrasonic Range Sensors (Optional)


Indicators:

•      
2
x 16 Characters LCD

•      
Buzzer
and Indicator LEDs

q  Control:

•      
Autonomous
Control

•      
PC
as Master and Robot as Slave in wired or wireless mode

q  Communication:

•      
USB
Communication

•      
Wired
RS232 (serial) communication

•      
Wireless
ZigBee Communication (2.4GHZ)

•      
Wi-Fi
communication (if Wi-Fi module is installed)

•      
Bluetooth
communication (if Bluetooth
wireless module is installed)

•      
Simplex
infrared communication (From infrared remote to robot)

q  Dimensions:

•      
Diameter:
16cm

•      
Height:
8.5cm

•      
Weight:
1100gms

q  Power:

•      
9.6V
Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) battery pack and external Auxiliary power from
battery charger.

•      
On
Board Battery monitoring and intelligent battery charger.

Fig. e-yantra module

 

 

                                                                                                                                                              
III.           
Conclusion

The main focus of this paper is its automatic way of seeds dropping
in the soil. The soil is dig and seeds are dropped in proper sequence which results
in proper germination of seeds. This method reduces the labor requirement. By
using this process wastage of seeds are reduce to a greater extent. This system
is made for soil digging and seed sowing of in an automatic way. The aim of
this project is to reduce the man power, time and increase the sowing rate.

   References:

1 Amrita Sneha.A, Abirami.E,
Ankita.A, Mrs.R.Praveena, Mrs. R. Srimeena “Agricultural Robot for Automatic
Ploughing and Seeding”IEEE International Conference on Technological
Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR 2015)
978-1-4799-7758-1/15/$31.00 ©2015 IEEE

2 Saurabh Umarkar and Anil
Karwankar “Automated Seed Sowing Agribot using Arduino”International Conference
on Communication and Signal Processing, April 6-8, 2016,
India.978-1-5090-0396-9/16/$31.00 ©2016 IEEE

3 Gulam Amer, S.M.M.Mudassir, M.A Malik”Design and
Operation of Wi-Fi Agribot Integrated System”2015 International Conference on Industrial Instrumentation and
Control (ICIC)978-1-4799-7165-7/15/$31.00 ©2015 IEEE

4 Neha S. Naik, Virendra. V. Shete, Shruti. R. Danve “Precision
Agriculture Robot for Seeding Function”Department of E & TC, MITCOE, Pune, India

5 Abdulrahman,
Mangesh Koli, Umesh Kori, Ahmadakbar “Seed
Sowing Robot”International
Journal of Computer Science Trends and Technology (IJCST) – Volume 5 Issue 2,
Mar – Apr 2017

6 Kunal A. Dhande, Omkar R. Sahu, Megha S. Bawane, Achal
A. Jiwane, Priyanka S. Chaware “Design
and Development of Automatic Operated Seeds Sowing Machine”International Journal on Recent and
Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169 Volume: 5
Issue: 2,February 2017

     7 Firebird-V ATMEGA2560 Hardware Manual

8 Firebird-V ATMEGA2560 Software Manual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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