1. Deforestation: In order to build an infrastructure to
sustain a successful park such as The Rainforest Experience aspires to be,
there will be a need for deforestation to occur. Rainforests have delicate soil
that has issues in regenerating plant life (Quédraogo, 2011, p. 2176). In addition to
preventing and destroying plant life, animal habitats will also suffer marginal
damage as trees and their surrounding environment will be destroyed in order to
put in pavement, buildings, tracks, etc. Another impact of deforestation is that
it does negatively affect the rainforest’s herbivore population.
Pollution: Due to the
geographic location, guests will be passing through bodies of water in order to
truly experience the rainforest biome. In order to travel through water, boats
that burn fossil fuels and other harmful chemicals will be used which will have
negative impacts on the water. This as well also impacts the habitats of the
aquatic animals featured in the bodies of water.
3. Defaunation: Rainforests are relatively low populated
in regards to the human species. With an abundance of people now visiting and
interacting with the rainforest environment and therefore its animal
inhabitants, defaunation is a potential environment impact (Galetti, et
al., 2015, pp. 2-3). Defaunation is when animals are
brought to death due to interaction with other living things.
in Animal Behaviour: In
reference to defaunation, it can lead to a change in animal dietary behaviour.
With a loss of animals and plant life, it changes the how other animals will
eat to survive (Galetti, et al., 2015, p. 7). This phenomenon
affects the animals on a major scale and in turn the environment they inhabit.
of Hunting: The
rainforest is home to many exotic creatures that are desirable in other ways
other than to spectate and study. Endangered species are caused by human
activities such as hunting and poaching along with destroying habitats. Hunting
even occurs in areas that are already depleted (Brodie, et al., 2015, pp. 10-11). With the park taking away areas and
animals vital for the act of hunting, it will force hunters to destroy the
rainforest outside of the park even more.
6. Logging: One of the great resources that is found
within rainforest biomes is timber (WWF, n.d.).
Logging has a dangerous impact on primate species (Brodie, et al., 2015, p. 10) which are a vital
part of the rainforest biome. Preventing the act of logging will not only save
trees but valuable species as well.
and Damage from Garbage:
Since it is a park that will entertain thousands of people at once, there is
the prospect of littering which is harmful for the environment. The combination
of guests and the on site restaurants and stores will lead to consumption of
food which leads to garbage. Having drinking cups, tissues or food wrappers
find their way into the biome can be damaging to the ecosystem for both the
environment and animals (Bergmann, 2017, p. 297).
Impacts on Soil and Trees:
With the nature of the park being an interaction between humans and the
rainforest biome, they will directly impact their surroundings. As mentioned
deforestation is a problem, however another human impact explained by the
Botanical Society of San Paulo is artificial flooding (Silva, Medieros, Noronha, & Pinto, 2017, p. 966). The flooding that
can stem from the park and the humans within in it can negatively impact the
soil and the rare species of trees found within the rainforest (Silva,
Medieros, Noronha, & Pinto, 2017, p. 963).