1.1 a distinction between Performance Art and

1.1 INTRODUCTION

“The arts are an essential element of
education, just like reading, writing, and arithmetic…music, dance, painting,
and theater are all keys that unlock profound human understanding and
accomplishment.”

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William Bennett, Former US Secretary of
Education

“I realize the
power of art that does not hang on the walls of galleries.”

MARINA ABRAMOVIC, The
Guardian, October 2, 2010

 

Why do we need to deal with arts?
How can arts, performing arts precisely affects intellectual and social
developments of people? Can the special layout and the design language of
performing arts centers seeks to have a different new methodology, behavior and
blend with the social fabric of the country? Can the urban spaces act as
creativity spaces as well?

Well, too many practical and
theoretical questions were raised but in order to answer these questions we
need first to understand the type of the project and how it’s related to the
social content of Bahrain.

1.2 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

To start with, we need first to
answer a very important question; what is performing arts? The definition of
performing arts is broad and could be confusing, but it usually referred to the
type of art that presented “live”. It is mainly presented by an artist or group
of performers. Performing Art depends simply on
the presence (and absence) of the body. The body, site, audience and time are
its four pillars, with corporeal action the central axis. Artists turned to the
physical body and brought an ‘aliveness’, a temporality and instability to
artworks. (RoseLee
Goldberg,2001)

There were some thoughts to
distinguish performing arts from performance arts which may we think it is the
same. Some opinions say that the Performing
Arts refers to theatre, dance, opera and the circus. Cultural anthropologist ‘Victor
Turner’ made a distinction between Performance Art and the Performing Arts when
he defined Performance Art as: ‘making, not faking’. The performance artist is
not acting in the theatrical sense because every action is real.  In the 1970s, Performance Art stood in direct
opposition to performing arts or theatre especially. As the form, has developed
they considered them the same due to many similarities. (Victor Turner,1984)

According
to UNESCO, performing arts are a sustainable branch of culture. “The performing arts range from vocal
and instrumental music, dance and theatre to pantomime, sung verse and beyond.
They include numerous cultural expressions that reflect human creativity and
that are also found, to some extent, in many other intangible cultural heritage
domains”. Music, for example is the most universal type of the performing arts
and it’found in every society. It is found as an integral part of other
performing art forms and other fields of intangible cultural heritage like
rituals and festive events. Performing arts are more than simply ‘performances’
for an audience; they also play important roles in culture and society. (UNESCO,2014)

I
think the most important part of the performing arts is being beneficial and meaningful.
Performing arts like theatre for example deals with different type of arts,
different categories in the society and send different massages; social,
political and religious issues. It is an art for everyone.

“What specialize theatre is the live human interaction between the
performer and the audience. This space that is minimizing because of the truth;
the truth of the feelings and the emotions. In my opinion, theatre is the first
place that create the person awareness. Theatre deals with most of the social,
political and religious issues. Of course, many changes happened to theatre
because of the new technology, but whenever theatre is close to the truth and
the human, it is more effective.”

HASHIM ALAWAI/LOCAL
ARTIST

 

1.2.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Performing arts were found in the oldest communities focusing on
nature before they had scientific knowledge. They explained the relationship of
themselves to the world around them through the arts. Historians believe that
early people used dance both as a religious ritual and for social expression. The
drama was also found in old communities. The origins of the early theatre were
found as storytelling and in ritual dances and ceremonies. (Sharon
Wuorenmaa,2005)

Performing arts flourished as a type of art following the movements
of modernism in the 1960s, and it extended across the world.  

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